See the Fishes Chase Ur Mouse

Sorry for delay in delivering this post, i m entangled in the cobwebs of life well still for my readers i m back,
well here i go.....



Bacterial diseases are characterised by red streaks or spots and or swelling of the abdomen or eye. These are best treated by antibiotics such as penicillin,amoxicillin or erythromycin. As i have observed the most common parasitic disease called "Ich" can be treated most effectively with copper or malachite green in the right dosage. Most of the treatments will have copper as an ingredient(including aquari-sol).
When using any anti-biotic make sure the biological filteration in your aquarium is not destroyed.Although most of the treatments available at the store state that they will not harm your biological filters but,sometimes they will and it is best to either monitor your ammonia and nitrite levels,or use an ammonia remover such as "AmQuel" to be sure your levels of ammonia dont become a problem.

When using any medication which has copper as an ingredient, be aware that most plants will not do as well and that invertebrates,such as snails,will be killed. Indeed ,most snails removers are copper based.
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VIRAL  DISEASES


(1)Lymphocystis

   
Symptoms: Nodular white swellings (cauliflower) on fins or body.

Description: Lymphocystis is a virus and being a virus, affects the cells of the fish. It usually manifests itself as abnormally large white lumps (cauliflower) on the fins or other parts of the body. It can be infectious, but is usually not fatal. Unfortunately, there is no cure. Fortunately, this is a rare disease.
There are two suggested treatments.One treatment is to remove and destroy the infected fish as soon as possible. The other treatment is to simply separate the infected fish for several months and hope for remission, which usually does occur.


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BACTERIAL  DISEASES





(1)Red Pest
                                            

This remirezi of mine suffers from both red pest and tail rot. You see the pelvic fins they have red pest so red.


Symptoms: Bloody streaks on fins or body.

Description: Red Pest is called such because of bloody streaks that appear on the body, fins and/or tail. These streaks could proceed to ulcerations and possibly lead to fin and tail rot with, in severe cases, the tail and/or fins falling off. As the disease is internal, external treatments are usually not effective, except in very slight cases.      In slight cases, treat the aquarium with a disinfectant and clean the aquarium as best as possible. Do not feed a lot while the aquarium is being treated. To disinfect, use acriflavine (trypaflavine) or monacrin (monoaminoacridine) using a 0.2% solution at the rate of 1 ml per liter. Both disinfectants will color the water, but the color disappears as the disinfectants dissipates. If the fish do not appear to respond favorably, discontinue disinfections.
     Then add an antibiotic to the food. With flake food, use about 1% of antibiotic and carefully mix it in. If you keep the fish hungry they should eagerly eat the mixture before the antibiotic dissipates. Antibiotics usually come in 250 mg capsules. If added to 25 grams of flake food, one capsule should be enough to treat dozens of fish. A good antibiotic is chloromycetin (chloramphenicol). Or use tetracycline. If you feed your fish frozen foods or chopped foods, try to use the same ratio with mixing. As a last resort add at most 10 mg per liter of water.

(2)Mouth Fungus


Symptoms: White cottony patches around the mouth.
Description: Mouth Fungus is so called because it looks like a fungus attack of the mouth. It is actually caused from the bacterium Chondrococcus columnaris. It shows up first as a gray or white line around the lips and later as short tufts sprouting from the mouth like fungus. The toxins produced and the inability to eat will be fatal unless treated at an early stage.
     Penicillin at 10,000 units per liter is a very effective treatment. Treat with a second dose in two days. Or use chloromycetin, 10 to 20 mg per liter, with a second dose in two days.

(3) Tuberculosis: Mycobacteriosis, Syn: fish tuberculosis, piscine tuberculosis, acid-fast disease, granuloma disease.











Symptoms: Emaciation, hollow belly, possibly sores.

Description: Tuberculosis is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium piscium. Fish infected with tuberculosis may become lethargic, hollow bellied, pale, show skin ulcers and frayed fins, have fin and scale loss, and loss of appetite. Yellowish or darker nodules may appear on the eyes or body and may deform the fish.
     The main causes for this disease appears to be over crowding in unkempt conditions; ie. poor water quality. All fish species could be susceptible though some are more susceptible than others. Those most susceptible are the labyrinth air breathers like the Gouramis, Bettas, and Paradise Fish. Others include Neon Tetras, Discus, and the Ram Cichlid.

There is no absolute treatment. However the most effective treatment known for this disease is to treat with Kanamycin and Vitamin B-6 for 30 days. Kanamycin can be purchased at your local fish store. Liquid baby vitamins work well as s Vitamin B-6 source. They are available at your local pharmacy. Add one drop per every 5 gallons of aquarium water during treatment.
If the treatment is ineffective, the best thing to do is destroy the infected fish.
If either unkempt conditions or over crowding are the suspected cause, correct the condition.
      It is possible for humans to contract this disease so we recommend using caution when dealing with it. Humans are very rarely are at risk from aquariums though. It is more common to contract this disease from public swimming areas or as a food contaminant.


(4)Dropsy


The first pic shows a carp suffering from severe dropsy as is clear from the protruding scales,
and the other shows an x ray of a gold fish suffering from dropsy.

Symptoms: Bloating of the body, protruding scales.

Description: Dropsy is caused from a bacterial infection of the kidneys, causing fluid accumulation or renal failure. The fluids in the body build up and cause the fish to bloat up and the scales to protrude. It appears to only cause trouble in weakened fish and possibly from unkempt aquarium conditions.
     An effective treatment is to add an antibiotic to the food. With flake food, use about 1% of antibiotic and carefully mix it in. If you keep the fish hungry they should eagerly eat the mixture before the antibiotic dissipates. Antibiotics usually come in 250 mg capsules. If added to 25 grams of flake food, one capsule should be enough to treat dozens of fish. A good antibiotic is chloromycetin (chloramphenicol). Or use tetracycline. If you feed your fish frozen foods or chopped foods, try to use the same ratio with mixing. As a last resort add at most 10 mg per liter of water. Also, if unkempt conditions are the suspected cause, correct it.

(5) Scale Protrusion


Symptoms: Protruding scales without body bloat.

Description: Scale protrusion is essentially a bacterial infection of the scales and/or body. A variety of bacterium could be the culprit here, as can unkempt aquarium conditions.
     An effective treatment is to add an antibiotic to the food. With flake food, use about 1% of antibiotic and carefully mix it in. If you keep the fish hungry they should eagerly eat the mixture before the antibiotic dissipates. Antibiotics usually come in 250 mg capsules. If added to 25 grams of flake food, one capsule should be enough to treat dozens of fish. A good antibiotic is chloromycetin (chloramphenicol). Or use tetracycline,florfenicol,erythromycin,amoxycilin. If you feed your fish frozen foods or chopped foods, try to use the same ratio with mixing. As a last resort add at most 10 mg per liter of water. Also, if unkempt conditions are the suspected cause, correct it.

A very effective antibiotic i have used is a secret but for my followers and visitors i tell u the name
:--->Cefadroxil

(6) Tail Rot & Fin Rot


Symptoms: Disintegrating fins that may be reduced to stumps, exposed fin rays, blood on edges of fins, reddened areas at base of fins, skin ulcers with gray or red margins, cloudy eyes.

Description:Tail and fin rot appears to be a bacterial infection of the tail and/or fins and may be caused by generally poor conditions, bully, or fin nipping tankmates. If aquarium conditions are not good an infection can be caused from a simple injury to the fins/tail. Tuberculosis can lead to tail and fin rot. Basically, the tail and/or fins become frayed or lose color. Over time the affected area slowly breaks down.
     First, attempt to ascertain the cause. Then treat accordingly. Also, treat the water or fish with antibiotics. If added to the water, use 20 - 30 mg per liter. If the fish is to be treated add an antibiotic to the food. With flake food, use about 1% of antibiotic and carefully mix it in. If you keep the fish hungry they should eagerly eat the mixture before the antibiotic dissipates. Antibiotics usually come in 250 mg capsules. If added to 25 grams of flake food, one capsule should be enough to treat dozens of fish. A good antibiotic is chloromycetin (chloramphenicol) or tetracycline. If you feed your fish frozen foods or chopped foods, try to use the same ratio with mixing. As a last resort add at most 10 mg per liter of water. Also, if unkempt conditions are the suspected cause, correct it.
As i have observed ,when i added salt in this case the fishes responded and were cured easily,
the bacteria has a certain resistance to salt i.e.upto 10 ppm but if you add a fist full of salt in 600 litre tank then it dies overnight but,

*note: Your fishes must be salt resistant.

do read my post on Protozoan infections in fishes coming soon,and do comment,
until next time....



||bee fishy!||



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Bloggers and readers___> The aquarium is not just a glass tank holding water in which fish and other aquatic animals ponder about,as i believe it is an amazing window to the fascinating underwater world. This blog not only quenches u with atmost all species of fish but also their diseases,foods ,medicines,habitat and all u wanna know. And i promise i will try to sort out all ur queries,and will periodically update my blog,no matter where u r in the world. ___________ me a btech student,had a craze for animals since i was 6 years old but as i grew up i realised that to quench my thirst of exploring new species i must dive into the world aquatic animalia. ___________________ |bee fishy!!|

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